外国语文

2019, v.35;No.191(05) 8-14

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身体·体验·认知:语言主体间性建构研究——以英语人称代词为例
A Study of the Constraction of Linguistic Intersubjectivity based on English Pronouns

赵永峰;
ZHAO Yongfeng;

摘要(Abstract):

体认语言学强调认知主体在认知世界时体验和认知的互动关系。在人类的认知过程中,体验活动发生的情境具有社会性,个体语言经过社会化后才成为人们交际通用的社群语言;个体语言经过社会"规约"和"净化",经历和完成主体间性的建构,语言形式和用法才能相对固定下来,方可承担语言交际的任务。本文以英语人称代词为例,基于体认语言学的体验和认知观,系统探索语言主体间性的建构过程。研究发现,英语人称代词经历了激烈的、漫长的社会斗争和社会规范运动才发展成为今天的形态。
Embodied-Cognitive Linguistics( ECL) emphasizes the interaction between the embodiment and cognition of the cognitive subjects in the process of construing world. In the process of human cognition, the context in which the experience takes place bears the characteristic of sociality, and only after the socialization of individual language can it become the common communal language for people to communicate. Only after the individual language has been "conventionalized" and "refined" by the society and intersubjectivity has been formulated can the form and usage of language be relatively fixed so that it can undertake the task of language communication. Taking English personal pronouns as an example, this paper, based on the View of Embodiment and Cognition in ECL, systematically explores the construction process of intersubjectivity of language, and finds that English personal pronouns have experienced intense and prolonged social struggles and social conventionalization movements in the history of English language.

关键词(KeyWords): 体认;社会性;主体间性;人称代词
embodied-cognitive;sociality;intersubjectivity;personal pronouns

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基金项目(Foundation): 重庆市社会科学规划项目“后现代哲学视域下的政治话语分析研究”(2015YBYY082);; 四川外国语大学“基于英语新词语认知社会语言学研究”(sisu201504)研究成果之一

作者(Author): 赵永峰;
ZHAO Yongfeng;

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