外国语文

2019, v.35;No.192(06) 55-63

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述行与文学:从伊瑟尔和费舍尔-李希特谈起
Performatives and Literature

李明明;
LI Mingming;

摘要(Abstract):

当代西方文论中,"述行"一词成为理解现当代文学艺术转向的理论关键词。少数国内学者也注意到这一现象,他们的研究主要集中在巴特勒的性别表演理论和耶鲁学派的述行与解构。但是半个世纪以来,德国学者对述行研究的巨大贡献和推动却鲜有人关注。本文尝试从"述行"一词出发,重新解读伊瑟尔的代表作品,结合德国当代述行研究专家费舍尔-李希特的"身体述行"视角,重点探讨述行理论对于文学研究的意义:文学文本到底有何述行特质?阅读行为为何也是一种述行行为?文学审美体验的述行性何在?最后,在认识与经验遭受质疑的今天,"述行转向"能否给我们带来新的方向?
In contemporary western literary theory, the word "performativity" has become a theoretical keyword to understand the turn of modern and contemporary literature and art. A few domestic scholars have also noticed this phenomenon. Their research mainly focuses on Butler's theory of gender performance and Yale School's performativity and deconstruction. The great contribution and promotion of German scholars to the study of performativity has received little attention. This paper attempts to reinterpret Iser's representative works from the word "performative". Combining with the body performance perspective of Fisher-Lichte, a contemporary German expert of performative This paper focuses on the significance of the theory of performativity to literary research: what is the performative characteristics of literary texts, why reading behavior is also performative, and what is the performative nature of literary aesthetic experience. Finally, in today's era when knowledge and experience are questioned, can the "performative turn" bring us a new direction?

关键词(KeyWords): 述行;身体;伊瑟尔;费舍尔-李希特
performatives;body;Iser;Fischer-Lichte

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基金项目(Foundation): 北京市哲学社会科学基金青年项目“‘后戏剧’审美功能与感知模式的转换”(15WYC071)的阶段性成果

作者(Author): 李明明;
LI Mingming;

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