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2019, v.35;No.192(06) 77-84

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动词隐喻义位的组合形式性能
On the Collocation Form Performance of Verbal Metaphorical Sememes

彭玉海;
PENG Yuhai;

摘要(Abstract):

动词隐喻语义衍生会产生大量新的义位,由于动词语义决定着其句法表现,进入到语言运作过程中,这些衍生而来的不同语义会有形式句法上的规律性映射,由此形成动词隐喻义位相应不同的组合形式性能。该句法组合性能差异有多方面内容和表现,本文将主要从题元语义功能和动词兼容共现特征这两个方面,对动词隐喻的多义义位所涉及的组合形式表征展开讨论。相关研究将充分展现动词题元特性和句法扩展方式、扩展性形式检测语在其语义区分、语义描写中的特殊作用和价值,印证动词隐喻义变所蕴含的形式、语义内在机制,从词汇、认知、形式的互动互释层面促进动词多义及其语义句法问题的探讨,同时其分析思路和理论方法、原则有益于系统化、层级化地开展动词规律性多义的精细化语义分析。
Semantic derivations of verb metaphor generate a large number of new sememes. Because verb meaning determines its syntactic performance, in the process of language operation, these derived meanings have regular mappings on formal syntax, thus forming different collocation form performances corresponding to verbal metaphorical sememes. There are many aspects and expressions of the differences in syntactic collocation performance. This paper mainly discusses the collocation form representation involved in polysemy of verb metaphor from the two aspects of semantic function of themes and the feature of verbal compatible co-occurrence. Relevant research fully demonstrates the special role and value of the thematic characteristics of verbs and syntactical extensions and formal tests in its semantic distinction and description, verifies the formal-semantic internal mechanisms that metaphorical meaning changes of verb imply, and promotes the exploration of verb polysemy and its semantic-syntactical problems from interactive interpretation of vocabulary, cognition and form. Meanwhile, the analysis, theoretical methods, and principles are instructive and valuable for the systematic and hierarchical analysis of regular polysemy of verbs.

关键词(KeyWords): 动词隐喻义位;动词多义性;题元语义功能;兼容共现特征;组合形式性能;语义句法研究
verbal metaphorical sememes;verb polysemy;semantic function of themes;verbal compatible co-occurrence;collocation form performance;semantic-syntactical research

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目“阿普列相语言学理论与现代汉语语义句法研究”(17JJD740005);; 国家社会科学基金项目“俄语动词概念隐喻的文化认知研究”(19BYY209)的阶段性成果

作者(Author): 彭玉海;
PENG Yuhai;

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