外国语文

2019, v.35;No.191(05) 109-117

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俄语动词义位的形式句法描写
Descriptions of Formal Syntax of Russian Verbal Sememe

田欣欣;
TIAN Xinxin;

摘要(Abstract):

动词语义特征会以特定方式反映在它的语法特征之上,从不同方面阐释、论证其形式特征和句法行为有助于深入观察、描写动词语义性能和语义变化。本文尝试从莫斯科语义学派集成描写理论出发,以俄语动词делать(做,行事)为典型,对动词不同义位展开句法分析和描写,具体将主要从配价模式、题元结构、兼容共现特征以及词汇-句法转换形式等方面对该动词义位进行多向位探讨。相关分析将从整合论角度推进动词语义句法研究的深入开展。
The semantic features of verbs will be reflected in their certain grammatical features. From different perspectives, this paper will help to further observe and describe the semantic performance and semantic changes of verbs by exploring their formal characteristics and syntactic behavior. Based on the Integrated Description Theory of the Moscow semantic school as a typical example, it attempts to analyze and describe different sememes of the verb "делать"(do). In particular, it explores the multiple positions of the verb's meaning mainly from thematic structure, compatible co-occurrence features and lexical syntactic transformation form, etc. The analysis concerned will further the study on the development of verbal semantico-syntactic research from the perspective of Integration Theory.

关键词(KeyWords): делать(做,行事);动词义位;形式句法特征;语义句法分析
делать(do);verbal sememe;formal syntactic features;semantico-syntactic analysis

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目“阿普列相语言学理论与现代汉语语义句法研究”(17JJD740005);; 黑龙江省哲学社会科学规划项目“基于语料库的俄语举止行为动词的语义研究”(19YYC147)的阶段性成果

作者(Author): 田欣欣;
TIAN Xinxin;

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