外国语文

2019, v.35;No.191(05) 22-29

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体认语言学视角下的名词谓语句研究:构式界定与认知动因
The Embodied-Cognitive Linguistics Perspective on the Nominal Predicate Sentences: Constructional Definition and Cognitive Motivation

帖伊;覃修桂;
TIE Yi;QIN Xuqui;

摘要(Abstract):

体认语言学主张认知基于体验,语言是互动体验认知加工的结果。本文以体认语言学为指导,建立FRG分析模型研究汉语名词谓语句,具体考察该构式的界定与其认知动因。我们发现,((NP_1)NP_2)构式中的NP_1与NP_2呈现三种不同类型的概念联结关系,概念化者在从NP_1向NP_2的序列式扫描中,依据NP_1与NP_2间的概念联结关系对小句指称作出认识控制,实现小句标示类型范畴的实例化。名词谓语句作为以((NP_1)NP_2)结构独立成句的表达式,其生成具有认知动因:概念关系的呼应性与语义推理的顺应性是其形成的源动力。
According to the embodied-cognitive linguistics, cognition is based on embodiment and language is the result of interactive experience as well as cognitive process. This research first establish the FRG model under the guidance of ECL, and then explores the((NP_1)NP_2) construction and its cognitive motivation. It is found that there are three different kinds of conceptual connections in the((NP_1)NP_2) construction, and the conceptualizer realizes its epistemic control on the clause reference according to the conceptual connectionsin the sequential scanning from NP_1 to NP_2, so as to achieve the instantiation of the clause. As an independent structure, the((NP_1)NP_2) construction has its own cognitive motivation. The coordination of conceptual relations and the adaption of semantic reasoning are the two driving forces for the formation of the((NP_1)NP_2) construction.

关键词(KeyWords): 体认语言学;名词谓语句;((NP_1)NP_2)构式;认知动因
ECL;nominal predicate sentences;((NP_1)NP_2)construction;cognitive motivation

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家社会科学基金项目“汉、英双宾结构的构式化和语义表达专门化进程语料库比较研究”(15BYY013)的阶段性成果

作者(Author): 帖伊;覃修桂;
TIE Yi;QIN Xuqui;

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