外国语文

2019, v.35;No.192(06) 42-48

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科马克·麦卡锡《路》中的垃圾书写
Cormac McCarthy's Writing on Garbage in The Road

张健然;
ZHANG Jianran;

摘要(Abstract):

《路》中的"垃圾"意象是一种废弃文化的聚合物,具有三重意义:其一,揭示了资本主义社会中消费主义意识形态的盛行;其二,暴露了生态环境面临的威胁,诘问了人类中心主义思想,破除了技术崇拜的神话;其三,隐含着救赎品质,凝结着对抗异化消费、缓解生态环境负荷和救赎主体的力量。《路》中的垃圾书写回探了消费社会的"秘史",也叩问了启蒙运动以来技术理性凌驾于自然之上的历史,更彰显出文学作品具有的世俗救赎功能。
This paper proposes that the imagery of "garbage" in The Road, as a polymer of the culture of wastefulness, has triple meanings. First, it debunks the popularity of consumerist ideology in bourgeois society. Second, it discloses the threats facing ecological environment, questions the thought of anthropocentrism and dissolves the myth of technolatry. Third, it implicates redemptive trait and inhere in itself the power to counter against alienated consumption, alleviate the burden of ecological environment and save the subject. Writing on garbage in The Road revisits the "secret history" of consumer society and questions the history of technological rationale's domination over nature since Enlightenment era. Moreover, it manifests the function of secular redemption in literary works.

关键词(KeyWords): 垃圾;垃圾书写;《路》;科马克·麦卡锡
garbage;writing on garbage;The Road;Cormac McCarthy

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 教育部人文社会科学基金项目“当代美国西部小说中西部神话的改写研究”(17YJC752040);; 国家社会科学基金青年项目“美国文学地域主义与审美现代性研究”(19CWW014)的阶段性成果

作者(Author): 张健然;
ZHANG Jianran;

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