外国语文

2019, v.35;No.192(06) 93-100

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论复杂系统理论在隐喻研究中的运用——以隐喻的话语动态分析法为例
On the Use of Complex Systems Theory in Metaphor Analysis: Takingthe Discourse Dynamics Approach to Metaphor as an Example

单理扬;
SHAN Liyang;

摘要(Abstract):

复杂系统理论来源于自然科学研究,倡导将分析对象视作复杂联结、动态发展并且产生非线性变化的动态系统。近年来,Cameron和Gibbs等研究者将该理论运用至隐喻研究,提出了隐喻的话语动态分析法,初步构筑了隐喻研究的复杂系统转向。国内对该重要动态有少量理论层面介绍,但无针对研究范式的述评。本文梳理复杂系统理论与隐喻研究的契合点,以隐喻的话语动态分析法为例,从隐喻的识别、标记、描写、解释四个环节来归纳复杂系统理论视域下的隐喻研究范式特征,指出该理论运用于隐喻研究的独特优势与其面临的挑战,为隐喻研究在人文社科领域的运用拓宽视野、扩展路径。
Stemming from natural sciences, Complex Systems Theory(CST) studies systems that feature connectivity, dynamic change, and nonlinearity. In recent years, researchers including Cameron and Gibbs introduced CST to metaphor analysis, and proposed the Discourse Dynamics Approach that focuses on the systematicity of linguistic metaphors in use, constituting a brand-new turn in metaphor analysis. While a few researchers in China have discussed about theories related to the turn, none has introduced or commented on the new research paradigm. This paper starts with analyzing why CST can produce methodological implications for metaphor analysis. Then, taking the Discourse Dynamics Approach as an example, this paper summarizes key features of the CST-based research methods from four aspects: metaphor identification, metaphor tagging, systematicity description, and metaphor explanation. Lastly, this paper points out CST's unique contributions to studying metaphors in use, as well as the limitations of the current research methods, thus to bring new perspectives to studying metaphors in humanities and social sciences.

关键词(KeyWords): 复杂系统理论;复杂系统;隐喻;研究方法
Complex Systems Theory;complex system;metaphor;research method

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目“复杂系统理论视域下美国大报中金砖国家概念的认知语言学研究”(19YJC740004)的阶段性成果;; 中美富布赖特项目(留美金[2017]7995)的阶段性成果

作者(Author): 单理扬;
SHAN Liyang;

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