外国语文

2019, v.35;No.192(06) 132-141

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二语写作中虚化动词“HAVE”组构型式发展特征研究
A Developmental Study of the Delexicalized Verb “HAVE” Construction Pattern

朱慧敏;王俊菊;
ZHU Huimin;WANG Junju;

摘要(Abstract):

本文通过分析中国英语专业大学生一至四年级的同题议论文,参照本族语语料库,考察虚化动词"HAVE"组构型式发展特征。研究发现:二语学习者使用虚化动词HAVE组构的频次呈整体上升趋势;低年级学习者过多使用have+a/an+N组构型式,且有明显口语体倾向,但随着年级升高呈下降态势;二语学习者使用虚化动词复杂组构的情况明显少于本族语者,语义范围狭窄;错误率随年级升高而下降,语际错误、语内错误和母语迁移是影响二语虚化动词组构知识构建的主要因素。
This study examines the developmental features of Delexicalized Verb "HAVE" Construction patterns and cause of errors in the L2 argumentative writings on the same topic by the Chinese English majors from grade one to grade four by referring to the native speakers' corpus. The findings are as follows:(1)Frequency of the delexicalized verb "HAVE" construction by L2 learners has increased generally from grade one to grade four;(2)L2 learners in lower grades overuse "have+a/an+N" pattern, and the written English presents spoken features with the tendency of declining as the grade rising;(3)L2 learners use a fewer complex patterns with a narrow semantic scope than the native speakers;(4) The proportion of errors in the construction pattern has decreased significantly with the rising of grade;(5)The interlingual and intralingual errors as well as L1 transfer have great influence on L2 Delexicalized Verb Construction.

关键词(KeyWords): 二语写作;虚化动词组构(DVC);发展特征;影响因素
L2 writing;Delexicalized Verb Construction(DVC);pattern;developmental features

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基金项目(Foundation): 山东省社会科学规划课题“二语写作中动词语义虚化用法历时研究”(16CZWJ32);; 国家社会科学基金项目“二语学习者书面语发展变异模型构建与应用研究(18BYY016)”阶段性研究成果

作者(Author): 朱慧敏;王俊菊;
ZHU Huimin;WANG Junju;

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